Speakers of the session
Fernando RestoyBank for International Settlements, Chairman, Financial Stability Institute
Antonio CarrascosaSingle Resolution Board, Member of the Board
Pablo Hernández de CosBanco de España, Governor
Felix HufeldFederal Financial Supervisory Authority, Germany, President
Arthur MurtonFederal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Deputy to the Chairman for Policy
Georg Josef HuberDeutscher Sparkassen- und Giroverband, Head of Representation to the EU
David VegaraBanco Sabadell, Executive Board Member, Chief Risk Officer
Objectives of the sessionIn the Banking Union, unlike in some other jurisdictions, there is a clear distinction between the resolution regime and the insolvency regime. The former is a single EU framework, applying to all banks that are failing or likely to fail and meet public interest criteria. The failing banks that do not meet the public interest test assessment are liquidated through the domestic insolvency regimes, which vary substantially across jurisdictions.
The European resolution framework introduces some constraints on the management of bank failures. Indeed, it not only substantially constrains any possibility of providing failing institutions public funds but also imposes a minimum amount of creditors’ bail-in (8% of total liabilities) as a precondition for the use of the Single Resolution Fund (SRF). In addition, all entities that could possibly be subject to resolution must issue a sizeable amount of bail-in-able securities (minimum requirement for own funds and eligible liabilities (MREL)).
Moreover, the state aid rules impose some restrictions on the use of Deposit Guarantee Schemes (DGS), especially when the governance of these Schemes is under the control of the public sector.
The EU crisis management framework does not seem easy to apply to medium sized banks (be they “Less Significant“ or “Significant “) whose funding depends quasi exclusively on deposits. The objective of this session is to assess whether the EU crisis management framework is well suited to the specificities of medium sized and small banks, to outline the resulting implications and possible dysfunctionalities and to discuss a possible way forward to improve the situation and ensure a better functioning of the Banking Union.
Speakers will be invited to propose a realistic way forward in the light of US experience in order to promote a more flexible crisis management regime for non-systemic institutions.
Points of discussionWhy some analysts and authorities think that the current EU resolution framework does not fit medium-sized banks.
How to improve the EU resolution and liquidation frameworks for medium sized banks?